149.7: The Rationalists. New York: Anchor, 1960. 471 pp.
- 100: Philosophy and Psychology
- 140: Philosophical schools of thought
- 149: Other philosophical schools and doctrines
- 149.7: Rationalism and related systems and doctrines
The Rationalists is a collection of philosophical treatises by Rene Descartes, Benedict de Spinoza, and Gottfried Leibniz. You get Descartes’s Discourse on Method and Meditations, Spinoza’s Ethics, and Leibniz’s Monadology and Discourse on Metaphysics. By the middle of the 17th century, philosophy was finding its way out of the tired debates on religion and started to become a bit more scientific. The natural philosophers of the Renaissance started to place more importance on observable phenomena and experimentation rather than dictated dogma. The three philosophers collected here show how the school of rationalism started, matured, and culminated in an entirely different way of thinking.